If you are the owner of a dog in New Mexico, it is your responsibility to properly care for your pet and to ensure it does not become a public nuisance. According to Animal Protection of New Mexico, an animal that is a public nuisance causes annoyance or trouble for a number of other people. There are different ways your pet could be considered a public nuisance. If you do not stop the behavior or the issues that are causing the problem, you could be charged with a misdemeanor offense.
One way your pet could be labeled a nuisance is if it is not properly vaccinated against rabies. Allowing your dog to run loose, especially if it is a labeled vicious dog or a female dog in heat, is also labeled as a nuisance.
You could also face issues if you do not maintain a sanitary area for your pet. For example, if your yard is covered in feces, that would be a problem. In addition, letting your dog bark, howl or otherwise express itself vocally to the extent that others are bothered by it is a nuisance. Finally, letting your dog damage property labels it as a nuisance.
It is your responsibility as the owner to ensure your dog is contained according to the law, does not disturb the peace and does not leave your property unless you are in control of the animal. If you fail to properly care for your dog, then you will face legal consequences. This information is for education and is not intended as legal advice.